New engineering specialisations

New engineering specialisations

In the last few years, a number of jobs have disappeared and new ones have taken their place. A few years ago, only a few knew what a data scientist does or what big data is. Today, companies are actively seeking people with knowledge of data science and mining data. Typically, engineering students with good programming skills would find big data a fascinating field, but of course this in-demand field can be pursued by people from all academic backgrounds. Data sciences and big data courses are generally offered at the Master’s level. 

Software engineering and computer science still continue to dominate the tech world. With the popularity of cloud technology and mobile computing, companies need people who can develop new systems and operate digitally. Data security is always an area of concern and people with strong computer skills who can secure data are almost always in demand. Students who wish to pursue a career in computers can opt for a Bachelor’s degree in computer science or information technology. And remember this evergreen field can allow you to work with artificial intelligence – a field that many students are fascinated with. 

With over 27,000 airplanes due to be manufactured in the next 20 years, students who have studied aerospace engineering will have a great future. Students with technical knowledge of aerospace systems and strong problem-solving skills are needed to help grow this profitable sector. Several universities around the world offer Bachelor’s and Master’s degrees in aerospace engineering, although it is more popular to do a Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering followed by a Master’s degree in aerospace engineering. 
Those who wish to design cars can opt for a course in automotive engineering. As a student of automotive engineering, you will learn how to design automobiles and be involved with the manufacturing and performance as well. And like aerospace engineering, students typically pursue a Bachelor’s degree in mechanical engineering followed by a Master’s degree in automotive engineering. 

Nanotechnology is a field in great demand with a lot of research still going on. Students, who want to work with innovation and creating new frontiers in engineering, working with the smallest particles known to mankind, can pursue a career in nanotechnology. In many cases, students pursue a Bachelor’s degree in electrical engineering followed by a Master’s degree in electrical engineering with a specialisation in nanotechnology. 

For admissions to top universities in the US, you will need to appear for the SAT or the ACT, SAT Subject tests and TOEFL. It might also be a good idea to take Advance Placement (AP) exams in science subjects. At the Master’s level, you will need the GRE and the TOEFL. And if you wish to apply to universities in Australia, Canada or UK, you can appear for only the IELTS. Remember, if you are considering a career in engineering, it is prudent to opt for math and science till class XII. 

The author is an alumnus of Harvard Business School and can be contacted here
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